agave americana common name

mediopicta. Scientific Classification. Agave americana ‘Marginata’ – Succulent plants in House Plants , Succulent garden , Succulent plants Agave americana ‘Marginata’ (Variegated Century Plant) is an ornamental, large, rosette-forming succulent, up to 1.8 m tall and up to 2.4 m wide, with upright, slightly wavy, gray-green leaves with strong, cream to yellow margins. Agave Americana Oaxacensis Common Agave Name: Arroqueño El Jolgorio Arroqueño Mezcal. Agave americana. No serious insect or disease problems. When dried out, the stalks can be used to make didgeridoos. The four major edible parts of the agave are the flowers, the leaves, the stalks or basal rosettes, and the sap (in Spanish: aguamiel, meaning "honey water").[26]. The leaves also have sharp, spiked edges. The leaves are often reflexed above the middle, and this is a characteristic feature of the species. The name is commonly applied to A. americana, which is grown as an ornamental in many places and is a source of the fibre maguey and of “ agave nectar” used as a sweetener. protamericana is a succulent with a basal rosette of vicious green grey leaves that are slightly smaller than the species with teeth that are regularly spaced and the leaves tend to be greener and flatter. The flowering stalk resembles a narrow telephone pole with horizontal branching near the top. In 2001, the Mexican government and European Union agreed upon the classification of tequila and its categories. It is also commonly grown as a garden plant. Agave americana L. is an accepted name The Plant List: Agave, derived from the scientific name is the adopted common name for most agave species: (1) Magey, maguey, agave, Agave americana (2) Agave, sword agave, Agave vivipara L. Bailey, L.H. Plants are monocarpic (bloom only once and then die). A. americana, century plant, was introduced into southern Europe about the middle of the 16th century, and is now widely cultivated as an ornamental, as it is in the Americas. It is part of the Asparagaceae family and can be found in areas that range from South America to Mexico. American Agave, American Aloe, American Century Plant, Century Plant, Maguey, Mexican Soap Plant. Family Agavaceae; Agave americana; Common Names. "Evidence for Large-scale Agave Cultivation in the Marana Community", "Agave Nectar: A Sweetener That Is Even Worse Than Sugar? Container plants may be grown in a gritty, cactus-type potting mix. Agave americana, common names sentry plant, century plant, maguey or American aloe. You know it as agave, but it has multiple names like maguey, agave, pita, cabuya, fique or mezcal. The genus Agave was erected by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, initially with four species. Anyway, the important thing is to know the varieties of agave. Poorly-drained soils may lead to root rot. Common name: Century Plant. Names & common name. Synonyms. [12] In the Cronquist system and others, Agave was placed in the family Liliaceae, but phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences later showed it did not belong there. Family: Agavaceae. Traditionally, the genus Agave was circumscribed to be composed of about 166 species. protamericana Gentry, and A. americana subsp. The leaves may be collected in winter and spring, when the plants are rich in sap, for eating. Agave weevil can be troublesome. [17] Within a species, morphological variations can be considerable, especially in cultivation; a number of named species may actually just be variants of original wild-type species that horticulturalists bred to appear unique in cultivation. Agave vilmoriniana (the octopus agave) produces hundreds of pups on its bloom stalk. The succulent leaves of most Agave species have sharp marginal teeth, an extremely sharp terminal spine, and are very fibrous inside. protamericana. When an outdoor plant blooms, it sends up a single, stout, erect flowering stalk from the center of the basal rosette of leaves to 15-30' tall or more. ... for species profiles. See more ideas about agave, americana, plants. Molecular phylogenetic analyses from 1996 onwards repeatedly showed that the previously separate genera Manfreda, Polianthes and Prochnyanthes were embedded in Agave, as traditionally circumscribed, making Agave paraphyletic. A. americana (a blue variety) occurs in abundance in the Karoo, and arid highland regions of South Africa. It has been introduced and has naturalized in a number of tropical areas around the world. Do not exceed prescribed dose as it may cause digestive irritation and lead to eventual liver damage. Roasted, they are sweet and can be chewed to extract the aguamiel, like sugarcane. The leaves are eaten boiled, and the young, tender flowering stalks and shoots are roasted and eaten as well. However, gr… The spikes discourage predators from eating the plant or using it as a source of water and are so tough that ancient peoples used them for sewing needles. Fleshy, outward-twisting leaves on this agave resemble tentacles, hence its common name, octopus agave. americana, from America, North or South. Common name of century plant suggests the plant will live 100 years before flowering. Agaves and close relatives have long presented significant taxonomic difficulty. The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Agave americana . ", "Agave as a model CAM crop system for a warming and drying world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agave&oldid=990812613, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:12. Plants are often grown in cactus or succulent garden areas. In areas such as America's Pacific Northwest, they might be hardy for cold winter temperatures, but need protection from winter rain. Unlike many agaves, A. attenuata has no teeth or terminal spines, making it an ideal plant for areas adjacent to footpaths. [13] In the APG II system, Agave was placed in the segregated family Agavaceae. One of the most familiar species is A. americana, a native of tropical America. The century plant is drought-resistant, low-maintenance, and quite striking, making it popular among garden enthusiasts. There are no teeth to worry about; just one terminal spine. [31], The sap of A. americana and other species is used in Mexico and Mesoamerica to produce pulque, an alcoholic beverage. [11] Further, cactus (Cactaceae) and stonecrop (Crassulaceae) lineages are eudicots, while aloes (Asphodelaceae) and agaves (Asparagaceae) are monocots. Once a plant flowers and dies, the offsets around the base of the plant continue to grow. Each plant typically forms a large, evergreen basal rosette of thick, succulent, lanceolate, gray-green leaves. americana, Agave rasconensis, Agave spectabilis, Agave variegata, Aloe americana. As the leaves unfold from the center of the rosette, the impression of the marginal spines is conspicuous on the still erect younger leaves. [6][page needed] These suckers go on to form new plants after the original rosette desiccates and dies. Forms a large, upright habit of dark green leaves with a wide, butter yellow margin. Description. Synonyms. American century plant is a rosette-forming herbaceous perennial succulent in the Asparagaceae family. The name "century plant" refers to the long time the plant takes to flower. Agave americana 'Mediopicta' Common Names. [30] However, extracts from agave leaves are under preliminary research for their potential use as food additives. Agave americana cv. Surely, never did Nature enclose in so compact a form so many of the elements of human comfort and civilization! The name agave comes from the Greek word “agauos”… azul is used in the production of tequila. In the variegated forms, the leaf has a white or yellow marginal or central stripe. ; Bailey, E.Z. But the miracle of nature was the great Mexican aloe, or maguey, whose clustering pyramids of flowers, towering above their dark coronals of leaves, were seen sprinkled over many a broad acre of the table-land. Each leaf has a waxy bloom, spiny tip, and sharp marginal spines. After pollination/fertilization and subsequent fruit development, in monocarpic species, the original rosette dies. The flower shoot is cut out and the sap collected and subsequently fermented. About. Slugs and snails may damage foliage. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. Agave americana subsp. It is a very polymorphic species cultivated worldwide in many variants, esp. [32], Agave can be used as the raw material for industrial production of fructans as a prebiotic dietary fiber. The sap can also be taken internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery etc. Two subspecies are widely recognized, A americana subsp. [35][36], Variegated Century Plant -- Agave Americana 'Marginata', Agave tequilana 'Weber's Azul' (tequila agave), Genus of flowering plants closely related to yucca. [citation needed], The ethnobotany of the agave was described by William H. Prescott in 1843:[25]. Root rot may occur, particularly in poorly-drained or overly-moist soils. Native Range: Southwestern United States, Mexico. In reality, outdoor plants typically bloom between the 10th and 25th years. If youve ever had a run in with an agave plants sharp terminal spike or ragged, toothy leaf margin, you probably remember it all too well. Agave americana, common names sentry plant, century plant,maguey, variegata or American aloe is growing on the way to … [22][23] Being succulents, they tend to rot if kept too wet. Century Plant; Spanish: Maguey, Lechuguilla, Mescal; Nahuatl: Metl, Tlacametl, Teometl; Cautions. The plant is reported being hardy to -9.5 to -6.5°C or Zone 8b 15-20f. Description: Agave americana, the century plant, is a medium to large, solitary or freely suckering and sometimes seeding agave with a basal rosette up to 3 m wide.Agave americana is the best-known species. It will grow well in containers as an indoor plant at a much smaller size. Names & common name Agave americana mediopicta alba What you will get A well rooted plant in a 2ltr pot About Potentially huge succulent with a basal rosette of vicious blue grey leaves. Common name(s): American Agave, American Aloe, Sentry or Century Plant and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Asparagaceae, Agavoideae subfamily Origin: the wild type is native from USA (Texas) to Mexico More infos: N/A The genus Agave (from the Ancient Greek αγαυή, agauê)[4] is primarily known for its succulent and xerophytic species that typically form large rosettes of strong, fleshy leaves. These two subgenera are probably not monophyletic. The fibers are used to make rope, the leaves are used to line baking pits, and the sharp-pointed leaf tips are used to make basketry awls. [19], In some of the older classifications, Agave was divided into two subgenera, Agave and Littaea, based on the form of the inflorescence. The Hohokam of southern Arizona cultivated large areas of agave. Botanical name: Agave americana; Common name: Century plant, agave ; Family: Asparagaceae ; Plant Type: Cactus or succulent, Evergreen ; Flower colour: Yellow. [13] A 2019 classification uses three subgenera:[20], Hybrids between species in Agave subg. Reliably winter hardy to USDA Zones 8-10. The agave root system, consisting of a network of shallow rhizomes, allows the agave to efficiently capture moisture from rain, condensation, and dew. This mezcal is distilled from 100% Agave Americana—commonly known as arroqueño—which grow semi-wild in Miahuatlan, Oaxaca. The genus name Agave comes from the Greek word agauos meaning "admirable" or "noble" in probable reference to the very tall flower spikes found on the plants of many species of Agave. The Agave americana also goes by the common names of American aloe or century plant. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Agave cantala agave: Agave: Perennial: 2.0: 9-12 F: LMH: N: DM: 2: 0: 4: Agave fourcroydes: Henequen: Perennial: 1.8: 10-12 M: LMH: N: DM: 0: 1: 3: Agave lechuguilla: Ixtle, Chihuahua [5] Agave now includes species formerly placed in a number of other genera, such as Manfreda, ×Mangave, Polianthes and Prochnyanthes. Agave leaves store the plant's water and are crucial to its continued existence. Pale green rosettes on this giant beauty can reach up to 6 feet wide. Specific epithet means of America. [32] Agave angustifolia is widely used in the production of mezcal and pulque, though at least 10 other Agave species are also known to be used for this. Agave species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species, including Batrachedra striolata, which has been recorded on A. shawii. Each rosette typically matures over time to as much as 6' tall by 8-10' wide. [18][13][19] These genera are now combined with Agave to form Agave sensu lato, which contains about 252 species total. Agave azul (blue agave) is used in the production of tequila. [6][page needed] During flowering, a tall stem or "mast" ("quiote" in Mexico), which can grow to be 12 metres (40 feet) high,[9] grows apically from the center of the rosette and bears a large number of short, tubular flowers and sometimes vegetatively produced bulbils (a form of asexual reproduction). This agave may be propagated from seed or offsets. ramosa, ramosus, with many branches; branched. Agave syrup (commonly called agave nectar), a sweetener derived from the sap, is used as an alternative to sugar in cooking, and can be added to breakfast cereals as a binding agent. The sap is acidic. Some commonly grown species include Agave americana, Agave angustifolia, Agave tequilana, Agave attenuata, Agave parviflora, Agave murpheyi, Agave vilmoriniana, Agave palmeri, Agave parryi, and Agave victoriae-reginae. Derivation of the botanical name: Agave, Greek agauos, agavos, admirable, noble, splendid, in allusion to the splendid appearance of the plants in flower.In Greek mythology Agave was a daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. The stalks, which are ready during the summer, before the blossom, weigh several pounds each. Agave americana 'Mediopicta' is a highly ornamental succulent with variegated leaves. [5] Some Agave species are known by the common name "century plant".[8]. In fact, one of agaves most common uses in the landscape is for privacy or basically as mass plantings of thorny unpleasant defense plants. The agave, in short, was meat, drink, clothing, and writing materials for the Aztec! Jun 15, 2015 - Explore John Schofield's board "Agave americana" on Pinterest. Do not use during pregnancy. This plant is also well-known for its infrequent but spectacular flowering spikes. Best growth occurs in a sandy/gritty, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Agave plants are perhaps best known for tequila, which is made from the steamed, mashed, fermented and distilled hearts of the blue agave. medio-picta, Agave americana subsp. By distillation, a spirit called mezcal is prepared; one of the best-known forms of mezcal is tequila. It does not take quite that long, more like 10-25 years, but once it does flower the main plant dies. [24] Today, it is used mainly for the production of syrup and sugar. Plants in this genus may be considered perennial, because they require several to many years to mature and flower. Foliage colour: Blue / Green. Common Name: American Century Plant, Agave A yellow-edge form of Agave americana that's sure to be an architectural focal point in your garden. expansa (Jacobi) Gentry (Reveal and Hodgson, 2002). The leaves can measure up to 3in wide, with toothed notches lining the margins. americana var. The Plants Database includes the following 38 species of Agave . The agaves are harvested after 14 years and pit-roasted in the traditional manner. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [6][page needed][7] However, most Agave species are more accurately described as monocarpic rosettes or multiannuals, since each individual rosette flowers only once and then dies; a small number of Agave species are polycarpic. These are large plants with loose, open, trunkless rosettes. [7] The stout stem is usually extremely short, which may make the plant appear as though it is stemless. Once a plant flowers and dies, the offsets around the base of the plant continue to grow.The genus name Agave comes from the Greek word agauos meaning "admirable" or "noble" in probable reference to the very tall flower spikes found on the plants of many species of Agave.Specific epithet means of America. Agave americana is a rosette-forming perennial succulent that is native to Mexico. [27], The Navajo similarly found many uses for the agave plant. Agave americana ssp. 1976. Common names include century plant, maguey (in Mexico), or American aloe (though not related to the genus Aloe). [6][page needed] Some varieties can live for 60 years before flowering.[10]. See more ideas about agave, americana, plants. Agave americana ssp. Origin Scientific Classification. Common names; Herb: Agave Latin name: Agave americana Family: Agavaceae (Century-plant Family) Medicinal use of Agave: The sap of agaves has long been used in Central America as a binding agent for various powders used as poultices on wounds. Other Common Names: Century plant, American agave, American century plant, maguey, flowering aloe, American aloe, metl, spiked aloe. Like all agaves, it is a succulent and requires little water or maintenance once established. Tolerates dry soils and drought. Each one brings a special characteristic to the mezcal produced. The most widespread species remains Agave americana, which has become a common landscaping plant in the southern states of the US, the Middle East and southern Europe. Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Agavoideae Genus: Agave. Manfreda and other species were given the nothogenus name ×Mangave when Manfreda was recognized as a separate genus. Scientific Name. Agave tequilana or Agave tequilana var. [7] Most Agave species grow very slowly. Jan 2, 2018 - Explore Tish Tannen's board "Agave Americana", followed by 260 people on Pinterest. However, throughout the lifetime of many Agave species, rhizomatous suckers develop above the roots at the base of the rosette. Although the species is given the common name century plant, derived from the …

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